Urban creative spaces: Linking art, science, and business innovation

Type: Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups:
Poster #:
Day: 4/6/2020
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 5:55 PM
Room: Capitol Ballroom 2, Hyatt Regency, Fourth Floor
Organizers: Päivi Oinas, Lucía Gómez, Panu Lehtovuori
Chairs: Lucía Gómez

Call for Submissions

This is a regular paper session. Please send an abstract (max 250 words) of your paper intended for the session to:
paivi.oinas@utu.fi; lucia.o.gomez@utu.fi

In order to be included in the session, you have to submit your abstract by the AAG abstract submission deadline, and
we need your AAG PIN number before 20 November.


Description

The idea of a "creative city" has long guided urban development and academic research (e.g., Jacobs 1969; Landry 2000; Florida 2002; cf. Scott 2014) but understanding the emergence of actual creative processes and the facilitation of interactive urban cultures is still limited (Comunian et al. 2010). Nonetheless, cities around the world are increasingly investing in hybrid urban spaces to attract individuals and organizations capable of engaging in mutually stimulating encounters, creative interactions, and collaborative novelty generation in different spheres of human activity. Districts with such spaces may have emerged spontaneously, or they may be purposely designed, so that residents, employees of diverse organizations, administrators, politicians, and visitors can be challenged and/or engage in cooperation with actors with diverse capacities in their work and daily lives. This development is founded on the premise that certain kinds of urban spaces can support creative activity, and urban actors with different backgrounds can communicate and embrace each other’s creative potential when operating in proximity (cf., Katz & Wagner 2014). Proximity and its relation to learning and innovation in organizations and economies is a well-established area of academic inquiry. We understand that a suitable cognitive distance between actors is conducive to interactive creative processes (Nooteboom 1999, 2000). In economic geography, relative proximities in terms of geographical distance or organizational or competence resemblance, however, are typically studied in the industrial context (e.g., Asheim 2007; Frenken et al. 2007; Boschma et al. 2013; Grillitsch et al. 2018), with an emphasis on factors explaining inter-organizational or inter-industry relations. The study of the relations between business and non-business spheres tends to be analysed from the point of view of economic actors in the context of university-industry interactions (e.g., D’Este et al. 2013), in identifying the role of various knowledge bases in types of innovation (e.g., Asheim & Gertler 2005), and in the creative industries (e.g., Cohendet et al. 2010; Comunian et al 2014). Only rarely are the complex reciprocal influences of different types of creative work considered jointly even if the influences of these communities are relevant for all parties within and across institutional divides. For instance, a sensitivity to broader societal concerns in artistic expression, challenging status quos, can influence the way scientists frame their questions, which, in consequence, can have an effect on the aims of pioneering start-ups. Furthermore, with a few exceptions, analyses in economic geography typically overlook the physical and aesthetic qualities of the locations where innovative interations occur.
To complement existing analyses, we are interested in how creative interactions emerge and operate across diverse societal spheres and how their immediate spatial surroundings facilitate these processes. We seek to understand the variety of creative encounters and their facilitation in inner-city districts in general, and whether and how art, science, and innovative businesses mutually stimulate creative processes in particular. – Papers are invited that investigate aspects of these phenomena such as:
- micro level creative processes in interactive urban cultures;
- the emergence, forms, and content of interactions between artistic, scientific, and/or business activities;
- the impact of artists and their visibility on creative urban cultures, on scientific inventiveness, or on business innovation, or vice-versa;
- the work of various intermediaries in the development of creative urban spaces and economies;
- the role of urban design interventions in building knowledge communities and communities of practice;
- experiments that bring together diverse professionals and function as laboratories for creative encounters or interventions in urban districts;
- the design and functioning of broadly-based innovation districts, or urban labs;
- the influence of urban creative communities on sustainable urban planning;
- critical examinations of creative urban spaces as a globally mobile model.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Grant Saff*, Hofstra University, Planned Space versus Lived Space: The case of Plaça dels Angels, Barcelona 15 4:40 PM
Presenter Ariel MacDonald*, University of Alberta, The Spectre of Capital: Public Art in the Capitalist City 15 4:55 PM
Presenter Erin Siodmak*, Hunter College / Tulane University, Aesthetic Decay / Aesthetic Capital 15 5:10 PM
Presenter Panu Lehtovuori*, Tampere University School of Architecture, Jenni Poutanen, Tampere University School of Architecture, Lucía Gómez, University of Turku, Economic geography, Department of Geography & Geology, Päivi Oinas, University of Turku, Economic geography, Department of Geography & Geology, Spatial interventions, encounters and innovation 15 5:25 PM
Presenter Päivi Oinas*, University of Turku, Lucía Gomez, University of Turku, Jenni Poutanen, University of Tampere, Aki Koponen, University of Turku, Panu Lehtovuori, University of Tampere, Linking art, science, and business innovation: Facilitating artistic interventions in Turku Science Park 15 5:40 PM

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