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Emerging Border and Immigration Enforcement Strategies I: Everyday Life and the Role of NGOs

Type: Paper
Theme: Ethnonationalism and Exclusion Around the World
Sponsor Groups: Political Geography Specialty Group
Organizers: Jill Williams, Kate Coddington, Lindsey Carte
Chairs: Jill Williams


Immigration and border enforcement policies and actions for multiple states continue to grow increasingly expansive, restrictive, and punitive. While much research in the field of political geography has examined border enforcement strategies that militarize border spaces and criminalize migrants—e.g., border walls, detention camps, interior policing, off-shore interdiction efforts—states and related actors increasingly mobilize broad range of novel technologies and strategies to regulate transnational migration. This approach includes a marked expansion of enforcement into new spaces ways, such as more overt expanded militarization into sending and transit countries, and increasingly less (overtly) militarized forms of border enforcement, such as policies inhibiting traditional asylum processes, ‘voluntary return’ programs, and public information campaigns that seek to discourage migration attempt. We currently lack a comprehensive understanding of the novel forms and scope enforcement takes today and how it both mobilizes particular political and economic geographies and produces spaces in which migrants have differential access to rights and entitlements (both formal and informal). These sessions bring together scholars whose research examines a broad range of border enforcement strategies and their impact on people and environments globally in order to think through these new logics, technologies, and economies.

Key questions to consider include, but are not limited to:
• What new modes of enforcement characterize non-militarized (or differently militarized) border enforcement strategies? And how do they relate to, compliment, or contradict strategies of militarization and criminalization?
• What new technologies, capacities, or relations do non-militarized border enforcement strategies rely upon and produce?
• What new geographies result from and emerge to sustain novel border enforcement strategies?
• What rationalities guide border enforcement approaches that rely upon tactics other than militarization and criminalization?
• What historical, geographical, social and political contexts make possible novel border enforcement strategies?
• What social, political, environmental, or intimate impacts do these strategies produce?
• What new possibilities for advocacy, agency, and contestation result from novel border enforcement strategies?


Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Leslie Gross-Wyrtzen*, Clark University, Invisible infrastructures of care and control: Migrant women’s vulnerability and enclosure in Morocco’s humanitarian border 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Elisa Sperandio*, University of Arizona, Between Experience and Spectacle: Novel Strategies of Border Enforcement in Lampedusa 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Martin Aucoin*, West Virginia University, "Making it" through immobility: New NGO-mediated bordering strategies in The Gambia 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Austin Crane*, University of Washington, Navigating humanitarian assistance and border enforcement in EU Assisted Voluntary Return policies 15 12:00 AM
Discussant Lindsey Carte Universidad De La Frontera 15 12:00 AM

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