Resource Benefits: Community and Regional Strategies for Localizing Value from Natural Resource Development

Type: Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups:
Poster #:
Day: 4/10/2020
Start / End Time: 11:10 AM / 12:25 PM
Room: Agate A/B, Hyatt Regency, Third Floor
Organizers: Sean Markey
Chairs: Sean Markey

Call for Submissions

The purpose of this session is to investigate and discuss different mechanisms, for example fiscal instruments or benefit agreements, by which rural resource regions extract benefit from the extraction of natural resources from their surrounding regions. Contributions related to different governance regimes for negotiating benefits will also make a welcome contribution. It is our hope to realize three overall objectives: first, that we advance the theoretical discourse surrounding rural resource region development; second, that we explore different international models, cases from which to draw a synthesis of key themes that may provide a foundation for future collective contributions (e.g. a special issue); and third, that we ascertain different policy responses that may help to facilitate the allocation of greater benefits to rural resource regions.


Description

Rural resource regions in the industrialized world have experienced tremendous shifts over the past 30 years in terms of how, and to what extent, they benefit from the natural resources that surround them, and upon which their economies are based. The policies, regulations, and expectations that govern the relationships between resource-dependent communities, senior governments, and industry have been fundamentally transformed through both political and economic restructuring. Politically, the unfolding of neoliberalism has reduced regulatory commitments that once tied industry, and the economic benefits from industrial activity, to resource-dependent communities. Economically, forces of globalization, heightened competitiveness, and flexible production have altered traditional dependencies that once tied resource industries in more robust ways to their surrounding communities. The result is the declining influence of local governments in resource management decisions, and declining direct and indirect economic benefits to these jurisdictions from industrial resource extraction. Despite the impacts of restructuring, there remains recognition of the vital roles that resource communities play in the production process, acting as service centres for resource sectors, homes for employees, delivering protective services, and providing places of accommodation and respite for mobile workers. There also remains a sense of the public interest related to the extraction of public resources, that the ‘public’ – local, provincial, and national – should benefit from being the ‘owners’ of natural resources. This recognition triggers highly politicized questions of who gets what, when, how much, and who decides? The purpose of this session is to investigate and discuss different mechanisms, for example fiscal instruments or benefit agreements, by which rural resource regions extract benefit from the extraction of natural resources from their surrounding regions.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Sean Markey*, Simon Fraser University, Greg Halseth, University of Northern British Columbia, Laura Murphy, University of Northern British Columbia, Neil Argent, University of New England, Fiona Haslam-McKenzie, University of Western Australia, Readiness for Royalties: Understanding the Changing Conditions for Rural Resource Regions 15 11:10 AM
Presenter Fiona Haslam McKenzie*, University of Western Australia, Neil Argent, University of New England, Sean Markey, Simon Fraser University , Greg Halseth, University of Northern British Columbia, Laura Ryser, University of Northern British Columbia, Regional economic diversification: Who benefits and at what cost 15 11:25 AM
Presenter Neil Argent*, University of New England, Fiona Haslam-McKenzie, University of Western Australia, Greg Halseth, University of Northern British Columbia, Sean Markey, Simon Fraser University, Laura Ryser, University of Northern British Columbia, Resource royalties and the politics of redistribution: Beyond the staples trap in Queensland’s Surat Basin? 15 11:40 AM
Presenter Greg Halseth*, U Of Northern British Columbia, Sean Markey, Simon Fraser University , Neil Argent, University of New England , Fiona Haslam McKenzie, University of Western Australia, Laura Ryser, U Of Northern British Columbia, Framing the past, present, and future: A political economy of dependencies and vulnerabilities for natural resource-producing regions 15 11:55 AM
Presenter Jackson Rose*, Montana State University, Julia Haggerty, Montana State University, Exploring Contemporary Dynamics of Rural Communities and Resource Extraction: A Comparative Case Study Analysis of Mining Towns in the U.S. 15 12:10 PM

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