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Emerging Border and Immigration Enforcement Strategies II: Technologies, Spatialities, and Economies

Type: Paper
Theme: Ethnonationalism and Exclusion Around the World
Sponsor Groups: Political Geography Specialty Group
Organizers: Jill Williams, Kate Coddington, Richard Johnson
Chairs: Kate Coddington


WhiImmigration and border enforcement policies and actions for multiple states continue to grow increasingly expansive, restrictive, and punitive. While much research in the field of political geography has examined border enforcement strategies that militarize border spaces and criminalize migrants—e.g., border walls, detention camps, interior policing, off-shore interdiction efforts—states and related actors increasingly mobilize broad range of novel technologies and strategies to regulate transnational migration. This approach includes a marked expansion of enforcement into new spaces ways, such as more overt expanded militarization into sending and transit countries, and increasingly less (overtly) militarized forms of border enforcement, such as policies inhibiting traditional asylum processes, ‘voluntary return’ programs, and public information campaigns that seek to discourage migration attempt. We currently lack a comprehensive understanding of the novel forms and scope enforcement takes today and how it both mobilizes particular political and economic geographies and produces spaces in which migrants have differential access to rights and entitlements (both formal and informal). These sessions bring together scholars whose research examines a broad range of border enforcement strategies and their impact on people and environments globally in order to think through these new logics, technologies, and economies.

Key questions to consider include, but are not limited to:
• What new modes of enforcement characterize non-militarized (or differently militarized) border enforcement strategies? And how do they relate to, compliment, or contradict strategies of militarization and criminalization?
• What new technologies, capacities, or relations do non-militarized border enforcement strategies rely upon and produce?
• What new geographies result from and emerge to sustain novel border enforcement strategies?
• What rationalities guide border enforcement approaches that rely upon tactics other than militarization and criminalization?
• What historical, geographical, social and political contexts make possible novel border enforcement strategies?
• What social, political, environmental, or intimate impacts do these strategies produce?
• What new possibilities for advocacy, agency, and contestation result from novel border enforcement strategies?


Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Daniel Gonzalez*, University of Illinois, Tba 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Kate Coddington*, University at Albany, Producing Thailand as a transit country: borders, advocacy, and destitution 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Richard Johnson*, University of Arizona - Geography & Development, Enforced precarity: deportation, social reproduction, and the creation of the migrant class 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Stepha Velednitsky*, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Border enforcement through debt: Israeli governance of migrant caregivers and structural domestic violence 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Tara Plath*, , An Elusive Viewshed: An Investigation of United States’ Border Patrol Rescue Beacons in Arizona’s West Desert 15 12:00 AM

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