Grounded on decades of critical scholarship on gender and agriculture in Africa that challenge myths, highlight power relations, and incorporate political ecology perspectives, papers in this session draw on varied approaches to appraise gendered impacts of current trends and changing practices of rural and urban farmers. The session brings together research findings and proposed studies in Benin, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Ghana and South Africa. The presentations include studies of marked gendered roles and intra-household decision-making dynamics concerning land, labor, and food among smallholding farm households; an evaluation of flexible adjustment in planting time of groundnuts in response to local conditions and national shifts in commercial crop production; a focus on time use and agricultural productivity based on field research among women of childbearing age in households reliant on peanut farming; examination of variations in production modes, household type, labor demands, farm yields, risk management, and gross margins; as well as shifts in weather patterns that affect residents’ transportation mode and duration between homes and food market centers at two coastal cities. Authors discuss misalignments between needs, claims or aspirations and experiences, outcomes or realities of women farmers. By addressing research gaps, these papers contribute to scholarship on gender and African agriculture and to feminist political ecology insights for improving agricultural livelihoods on the continent. Combined the studies contribute to the geography literature on cultural and political ecology of agricultural development and to food security studies. They also underscore the importance of continued gendered analyses of hunger, malnutrition and poverty in research and development contexts where African women’s farming experiences remain subsumed under those of men.
|Presenter||Vide Adedayo, Department of Geography, University of Lagos, Nigeria, Ibipo Johnston-Anumonwo*, SUNY Cortland, Opportunities and Challenges for Farmers: (Re)Gendering Agriculture in Africa||15||3:05 PM|
|Presenter||Rosalind Ragetlie*, Western University, Isaac Luginaah, Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, University of Abomey-Calavi, A gendered approach to exploring smallholder farming and seasonal food insecurity in in Atacora, Benin||15||3:20 PM|
|Presenter||Jessica Marter-Kenyon*, University of Georgia, Gender, Resilience and Planting Time in the Groundnut Basin of Malawi||15||3:35 PM|
|Presenter||Jacqueline Banks*, Minnesota Population Center, Jessica Marter-Kenyon, University of Georgia, Codou Ndiaye, L'Université Gaston Berger, Maïmouna Diop, L'Université Gaston Berger, Samba Mbaye, L'Université Gaston Berger, Mamadou Ba, Centre de Recherche pour le Developpement Economique et Social (CRDES), Stuart Sweeney, University of California, Santa Barbara, Understanding Intra- and Inter- Household Gendered Power Dynamics in the Division and Time Allocation of Work and Resources: An Ethnographic Assessment of a Peanut-Farming Population in Rural Senegal||15||3:50 PM|
|Presenter||Oforiwaa Pee Agyei-Boakye*, University of Minnesota - Minneapolis, Spatial Food Accessibility in Africa||15||4:05 PM|
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