According to UNHCR, the total number of forcibly displaced people around the world reached its highest level in 2018 with more than 70.8 million people, including 30 million refugees and asylum-seekers. While waiting to establish permanent lives, the vast majority of displaced people around the world are living in limbo and under constant risk of discrimination, racism, and instrumentalization by the host-country governments and political groups within an environment of growing enthnonationalism and xenophobia. As witnessed in the cases of Syrians and Central Americans, these conditions sometimes force thousands of people to take dangerous journeys seeking asylum in European countries or the United States, where they expect to find safety and better living conditions and rights.
Feminist scholarship on displaced people, refugees, and asylum seekers has noted that much of the scholarship in refugee studies barely touches on the experiences of individual refugees, and rarely considers displaced people’s everyday activities, relations and intimacies, as well as struggles of livelihood, adaptation, and integration. Focusing on everyday practices, subjectivities, and embodied experiences of displacement, feminist geographers have analyzed the intimate cartographies of border crossing experiences (Kelly, 2015), gendering of asylum practices (Hyndman & Giles, 2011), and the liminal sites where sovereign power of nation-states operates over asylum-seekers and undocumented migrant bodies (Mountz, 2011). Recent work has drawn attention to the limitations of viewing refugees as powerless victims and instead consider the knowledge that refugees build and the power that they exercise through their crossing of multiple borders and navigation of complex national and international legal systems and institutions (Kallio, Häkli, & Pascucci, 2019; Kallio & Häkli, 2019). Contrary to their presumed passivity, people with refugee backgrounds constantly organize networks, shape, negotiate, and challenge the borders, walls, and fences of refugee camps or spaces of resettlement (De Genova, 2017; Jacobsen, 2006; Karam et al. 2017; Marshall, 2013; Sanyal, 2014). Feminist perspectives have also drawn attention to gendered, class, ethnic and religious differences in refugee experience and how overlooking these differences, for example, in the design of refugee spaces or integration programs, can put individuals at risk or exacerbate their vulnerability (Dilger & Dohrn, 2016).
The papers examine any historical or geographical context concerning displaced people, refugees, and asylum-seekers from a feminist geographical perspective that emphasizes the everyday and intimate remaking of subjects and spaces. In organizing this session, we aim to build on and develop critical feminist questions and approaches to migration and displacement broadly.
|Presenter||Coletan Nutter*, University of Wyoming, Gendered Neoliberal Projects and Refugee Settlements in Ghana||15||8:00 AM|
|Presenter||Jenna Loyd*, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Patricia Ehrkamp, University of Kentucky, Vulnerable Geopolitics: Feminist Geographies of Refugee Resettlement||15||8:15 AM|
|Presenter||Christopher Courtheyn*, Universidad del Rosario, Abandoning the Revolution? An Ethnography of Twenty-First Century Socialism and South-South Migration in South America||15||8:30 AM|
|Presenter||Betul Aykac*, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, “Don't talk to me in Arabic. We will get into trouble”: Racialization, Vulnerability, and Insecurity of Syrian Refugees in Turkey||15||8:45 AM|
|Discussant||Kirsi Kallio University Of Tampere||15||9:00 AM|
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