Despite four decades of research and huge investments in conservation and tourism-focused projects worldwide, local communities impacted by conservation efforts at various scales remain largely disenchanted with such projects. Literature on incentive-based conservation programs, such as the Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDP) of the 1980s, community-based conservation and/or tourism practices since the early 1980s, and community-oriented projects on environmental services (e.g., payment for ecosystem services) since the turn of this century, all point to significant gaps between conservation (and/or sustainable tourism) rhetoric and local level practices. Recent conflicts associated with tourism development and resource conservation efforts
indicate the problems to be much more widespread (geographically, but also species-wise), complex and broader (politico-ecological linkages, accelerating global environmental change concerns), and in critical need for lasting, practical, and “closer to the ground” solutions.
This session invites papers exploring the conservation-tourism-community nexus, interpreted here as broadly as possible to include conflicts between park and people, and between livestock and wildlife; impact of tourism on biodiversity conservation, conservation-livelihood dilemma (including tourism and ecotourism); poaching and wildlife trade; resource scarcity, stress and biodiversity conservation threats; and other relevant topics. We are inviting papers that are conceptual and/or applied, based on empirical data (quantitative, qualitative, or both), place and context-specific, and in diverse (geographical and social-cultural) settings.
Session organizers: Jarkko Saarinen, University of Oulu (Finland)/University of Johannesburg (South Africa) and Sanjay Nepal, University of Waterloo (Canada). This is a Joint sponsored session by the AAG Recreation, Tourism & Sport Specialty Group and IGU Commission on Geography of Tourism, Leisure and Global Change
|Presenter||Sanjay Nepal*, University of Waterloo, Caitlin Laidlaw, University of Waterloo, National Parks, Tourism & Local Communities: Exploring the uneasy relationship in two mountain protected areas in Nepal||15||3:20 PM|
|Presenter||Ryan Naylor*, Pennsylvania State University, Carter Hunt, Pennsylvania State University, Tourism and Adaptive Capacity in an Alaskan Coastal Community||15||3:35 PM|
|Presenter||Tashi Gurung*, Arizona State University, Institutional Analysis of Tourism system and livelihood decisions in the Himalayan Region of Upper Mustang, Nepal||15||3:50 PM|
|Presenter||Yogesh Dongol*, , The Cultural Politics of Nature Conservation: Producing and Reproducing Social Identities in Nepal’s Protected Areas||15||4:05 PM|
|Presenter||Magdalena García*, Universite De Montreal, The Growing Space of Tourism in National Parks||15||4:20 PM|
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