Water Resources, Land Use, and Mining in Africa: Livelihood and Environmental Impacts

Type: Paper
Sponsor Groups: Water Resources Specialty Group, Cultural and Political Ecology Specialty Group, Africa Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/10/2020
Start / End Time: 11:10 AM / 12:25 PM
Room: Silver, Sheraton, IM Pei Tower, Majestic Level
Organizers: Ibipo Johnston-Anumonwo, Michael Eduful, Cyril Wilson
Chairs: Sigismond Wilson


Africa’s natural resources offer crucial opportunities for domestic economic use and provide significant export revenue for many countries. Careful management and use of land, water and mineral resources contribute to sustainable livelihoods. Yet, poorly regulated extraction of natural resources or mismanagement result in land deterioration, environmental degradation and livelihood insecurity. Drawing on examples of water, diamonds and petroleum, papers in this session use a variety of research methodologies to analyze land use and socio-spatial impacts of natural resource extraction on rural African livelihoods and environment. The researchers adopt a political ecology perspective to assess the practices and challenges of access, use, and management of water resources and mining in Sierra Leone, Ghana and Nigeria. The authors discuss strategies for enhancing better lives and human health for Africans while countering drawbacks from large scale and external actors’ exploitation of Africa’s resources.

Topics discussed include:
• land use
• water resources
• mining
• health impacts
• environmental impacts
• rural livelihoods
• natural resource management


Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Cyril Wilson*, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Fenda A Akiwumi, University of South Florida, Imelda K Moise, University of Miami, Sigismond A Wilson, Rogers State University, Solomon Gbanie, University of Sierra Leone, A socio-geospatial framework for understanding the land use, water quality and human health landscape in sub-Saharan Africa 15 11:10 AM
Presenter Michael Eduful*, Towson University, Management of Catchment for the Protection of Source Water in the Densu River Basin, Ghana: Implications for Rural Communities. 15 11:25 AM
Presenter Ellis Adams*, Georgia State University, Land dispossessions and water appropriations: Political ecology of land and water grabs in Ghana 15 11:40 AM
Presenter Sigismond Wilson*, Rogers State University, A longitudinal analysis of diamond mining, environmental change and local livelihood dynamics in Kono District, Sierra Leone 15 11:55 AM

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