Rural Energy Transition in the Global North: Community Benefits, Contradictions and Future Challenges - Part II

Type: Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups: Energy and Environment Specialty Group, Rural Geography Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/9/2020
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 4:35 PM
Room: Plaza Court 8, Sheraton, Concourse Level
Organizers: Bohumil Frantal, Stanislav Martinat
Chairs: Stanislav Martinat

Description

Over the past two decades, we have witnessed different processes of the ongoing transition to a more sustainable energy systems. One of the ways how to reduce our high carbon dependency is deployment of renewable energy sources. These new phenomena significantly affect especially rural spaces that have been traditionally conservative in adopting innovations, and the new developments have altered landscapes and land use dynamics, brought about new land use conflicts and disconnections between policy makers and stakeholders (Cowell et al., 2011, Frantal et al., 2014). It´s known that these tensions differ depending on geographical locations, political-institutional settings and local socio-cultural contexts of individual projects. There´s also no doubt that the mentioned trends offer wide possibilities for diversification of agricultural activities and they might lead to the desired and more sustainable socio-economic and environmental development of rural areas. In other words, facilities for generation of renewable energy in the countryside are becoming an integral part of the wider societal change in favor of the sustainability transformation of the rural (Marsden and Rucinska, 2019). As rural areas are characterized by lower population density, it seems beneficial to support a de-centralized system of generating renewable energy. A huge potential of such locally generated electricity and heat for local development is obvious and plenty of „smart practice“ examples of such symbiosis exist (Frantal, et al., 2018). In order to shed more light on the issue of rural energy transition, it is necessary to reflect social-spatial relations in a given area as they determine all decisions in the scope of production, distribution, and consumption of energy (Pasqualetti, 2011). The legal arrangements regarding the energy sector applicable in a given area must be also analyzed in order to identify the key particularities. Special attention has to be devoted to studying the value systems influencing the daily behavior of the population of the local communities affected by renewable energies. And finally, the perception of usage of the surrounding landscape by the local population has to be significantly taken into account. To move forward, the public and political support for individual energy industries need to be reconsidered (Chodkowska-Miszczuk et al., 2019).

In this Session, we strive to learn more about examples of rural energy transition from various geographical contexts in the Global North. We try to capture the spatial regularities of identified changes, to point out the directions of energy transition and to analyze the relationships formed between the new energy entities and the places where they are located.

References:
Cowell, R., Bristow, G., Munday, M. (2011). Acceptance, acceptability and environmental justice: the role of community benefits in wind energy development. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 54(4), 539-557.
Marsden, T., Rucinska, K. (2019). After COP21: Contested Transformations in the Energy/Agri-Food Nexus. Sustainability, 11(6), 1695.
Frantál, B., Van der Horst, D., Martinát, S., Schmitz, S., Silva, L., Golobic, M., Roth, M. (2018). Spatial targeting, synergies and scale: Exploring the criteria of smart practices for siting renewable energy projects. Energy Policy, 120, 85-93.
Frantal, B., Pasqualetti, M., Van der Horst, D. (2014): New trends and challenges for energy geographies: Introduction to the special issue. Moravian Geographical Reports, 22, 2-6.
Pasqualetti, M. J. (2011). Social barriers to renewable energy landscapes. Geographical Review, 101(2), 201-223.
Chodkowska-Miszczuk, J., Martinat, S., Cowell, R. (2019). Community tensions, participation, and local development: Factors affecting the spatial embeddedness of anaerobic digestion in Poland and the Czech Republic. Energy Research & Social Science 55, 134-155.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Madeline Kroot*, Dartmouth College, Transmission Infrastructure in Energy Transitions: Conflicts and Opportunities 15 3:20 PM
Presenter Stanislav Martinat*, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Josef Navratil, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Petr Klusacek, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Robert Osman, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Tomas Krejci, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Kamil Picha, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Jaroslav Skrabal, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Low carbon reuses of agricultural brownfields: A lesson from the energy transition in Central Europe 15 3:35 PM
Presenter Josef Navratil, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Robert Osman*, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Stanislav Martinat, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Petr Klusacek, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Tomas Krejci, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Kamil Picha, Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Preferences for low carbon reuses of agricultural brownfields by rural dwellers 15 3:50 PM
Presenter Dogus Guler*, Department of Geomatics Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey, Georgios Charisoulis, Department of Geography, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA, Barbara P. Buttenfield, Department of Geography, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA, Tahsin Yomralioglu, Department of Geomatics Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey, Biomass Facility Suitable Location Selection with Open-Source GIS and MCDM 15 4:05 PM
Presenter Melisa Escosteguy*, Instituto de Investigaciones en Energía No Convencional (INENCO), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Universidad Nacional de Salta (UNSa), Avenida Bolivia 5150, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina, Cristian Venencia, Land Matrix Initiative, Latin America Focal Point (FUNDAPAZ – INENCO), Avenida Bolivia 5150, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina, Marc Hufty, Centre for International Environmental Studies, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2A, Case postale 1672, Geneva 1, 1211, Switzerland, Christian Brannstrom, Department of Geography, MS3147, TexasA&MUniversity, CollegeStation, TX77843, USA, Lucas Seghezzo, Instituto de Investigaciones en Energía No Convencional (INENCO), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Universidad Nacional de Salta (UNSa), Avenida Bolivia 5150, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina. , Political ecology of the lithium production and supply chain in northern Argentina 15 4:20 PM

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