WhiIe immigration and border enforcement policies and actions for multiple states continue to grow increasingly expansive, restrictive, and punitive. While much research in the field of political geography has examined border enforcement strategies that militarize border spaces and criminalize migrants—e.g., border walls, detention camps, interior policing, off-shore interdiction efforts—states and related actors increasingly mobilize broad range of novel technologies and strategies to regulate transnational migration. This approach includes a marked expansion of enforcement into new spaces ways, such as more overt expanded militarization into sending and transit countries, and increasingly less (overtly) militarized forms of border enforcement, such as policies inhibiting traditional asylum processes, ‘voluntary return’ programs, and public information campaigns that seek to discourage migration attempt. We currently lack a comprehensive understanding of the novel forms and scope enforcement takes today and how it both mobilizes particular political and economic geographies and produces spaces in which migrants have differential access to rights and entitlements (both formal and informal). These sessions bring together scholars whose research examines a broad range of border enforcement strategies and their impact on people and environments globally in order to think through these new logics, technologies, and economies.
Key questions to consider include, but are not limited to:
• What new modes of enforcement characterize non-militarized (or differently militarized) border enforcement strategies? And how do they relate to, compliment, or contradict strategies of militarization and criminalization?
• What new technologies, capacities, or relations do non-militarized border enforcement strategies rely upon and produce?
• What new geographies result from and emerge to sustain novel border enforcement strategies?
• What rationalities guide border enforcement approaches that rely upon tactics other than militarization and criminalization?
• What historical, geographical, social and political contexts make possible novel border enforcement strategies?
• What social, political, environmental, or intimate impacts do these strategies produce?
• What new possibilities for advocacy, agency, and contestation result from novel border enforcement strategies?
|Presenter||Maria Cervantes*, University of British Columbia, Immigration discourse and the fragmentation of Mexican online communities in Vancouver, Canada||15||12:00 AM|
|Presenter||Joao Da Silva*, CUNY - Graduate Center, Chile’s Decree Law 1094: A Source of Immigrant Vulnerability||15||12:00 AM|
|Presenter||Solange Munoz*, University of Tennessee, Lindsey Carte, Universidad de la Frontera, Chile, Waiting as policy: Immigrant experiences of waiting in Chile and Argentina||15||12:00 AM|
|Discussant||Kate Coddington University at Albany||15||12:00 AM|
|Presenter||Michael Gordon*, McMaster University, Standoff Politics, Bureaucratic Blockades and EU Migration Governance in the Central Mediterranean||15||12:00 AM|
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