Agriculture, Inequality, and Food Insecurity in Africa

Type: Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups: Cultural and Political Ecology Specialty Group, Geographies of Food and Agriculture Specialty Group, Africa Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/8/2020
Start / End Time: 4:55 PM / 6:10 PM
Room: Tower Court A, Sheraton, IM Pei Tower, Second Floor Level
Organizers: Ibipo Johnston-Anumonwo, Richard Mbih
Chairs: Richard Mbih

Description

Research on human-environment interrelationships raise complex questions about changes in social and environmental equity across Africa's varied physical landscapes. Studies in this session examine migrant farmers; smallholder producers in Ghana's semi-arid northern savannah; agro-pastoralists in the Bamenda grasslands of North West Cameroon; watermelon production in Morocco’s Zagora district at the edge of Sahara; and marginalized communities at the opposite end of the continent in South Africa’s Agulhas Plain notable for its global biodiversity. The researchers adopt a political ecology lens, and use quantitative or qualitative approaches that draw on national panel survey, field survey, participatory action research and other ethnographic methods. Topics covered range from water shortages, rainfall variability, farmers’ migrant status, land tenure security, social capital, crop yields, and crop value chain, to sustainable livelihoods and environments. In light of food, land, water, fuel and financial crises, authors explore precarity in rain-fed agriculture or land-based economic activities; and assess initiatives by the Moroccan government to boost agricultural productivity in irrigated desert fields through the Green Morocco Plan (PMV) or the South African government’s transition towards a green economy of lowered greenhouse gas emissions, inequality and poverty. Unlike top-down analyses that often overlook distinctive social, cultural, political and economic geographies, the studies look within African local communities with unique cultural and ecological landscapes. They shed light on the need for region specific and inclusive policies; and expose vexing problems of intensified socio-environmental vulnerabilities if lessons of traditional adaptation to different agro-ecological zones, or legacies of economic stratification stemming from social injustices are ignored.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Cameron Franz*, Pennsylvania State University, Abderrahim Ouarghidi, Pennsylvania State University, Understanding the Role of Watermelons in Reproducing Inequality in Morocco 15 4:55 PM
Presenter Marcellinus Essah*, Department of Geography, University of Toronto, St. George., Irenius Konkor, Department of Geography, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Vincent Kuuire, Department of Geography, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Effects of migrant status and social capital on tenure security among farmers in Ghana 15 5:10 PM
Presenter Evans Batung*, Western University, Influence of Rainfall on Major Crop Production in the Nadowli-Kaleo District, Ghana 15 5:25 PM
Presenter Daniel Basubas*, School of Geography, University of Otago, Tony Binns, School of Geography, University of Otago, Etienne Nel, School of Geography, University of Otago, David Bek, Centre for Business in Society, Coventry University , Facilitating an inclusive green economy transition: insights from two marginalized communities in South Africa’s Agulhas Plain 15 5:40 PM
Presenter Richard Mbih*, Pennsylvania State University, Ecology, agro-pastoralism and livelihood development in the Bamenda Grassfields 15 5:55 PM

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