Authors: Ivana Krizkova*, , Martin Šimon*, Czech Academy of Sciences
Topics: Ethnic Geography, Population Geography, Europe
Keywords: Residential segregation; Non-European migrants; foreign citizens; Europe; CEE; individualised neighbourhood method
Session Type: Paper
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Comparative research aiming to explain differences in segregation on national level is highly desirable for public policy in increasingly diverse countries including new immigrant destinations. Current debates on ethnic segregation in Europe remain oriented towards the experience in countries where the long-term availability of population register data is met with policy interest in rising immigration, such as North-West Europe. However, newly emerging data sources allow for additional comparisons that have a potential to deliver valuable insights. This study explores residential segregation in Western and Eastern Europe using the novel individualised scalable neighbourhood method based on anonymised geocoded register data. To achieve this aim, we extend the comprehensive study of residential segregation in North-West Europe by ResSegr project to the Eastern European post-socialist context, namely to Czechia, the main immigrant-receiving country of its region. The results indicate overall similarity of residential segregation of Non-European migrants in North-West European countries and in Czechia across spatial scales when measured by index of dissimilarity for individualised neighbourhoods. However, the decomposition to neighbourhood concentration and neighbourhood representation indices challenges this result. Non-European migrants are less concentrated in Czechia than in North-West Europe on all scales. Lower over-representation and higher under-representation in neighbourhoods in Czechia than in North-West Europe provide an evidence, that large-scale neighbourhoods with a considerable Non-European migrant concentration known from North-West European countries are close to non-existent in Czechia. In the conclusion, we draw implications for neighbourhood research and policy and question the pertinence of the term segregation in European context.
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