Spatial Analysis of Acute Respiratory Infections in Under 5 Children in Nigeria

Authors: Chijioke Anyanwu*, Texas State University
Topics: Geography and Urban Health
Keywords: Infant health, GIS, Nigeria
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Despite efforts toward the prevention and management of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs), associated mortality among infants remain high in Nigeria. This study analyzes the spatial variations in the distribution of infant ARIs and the determinants of infant ARIs prevalence in Nigeria. The study includes a sample of 30,881 children under the age of 5 years from 1,389 DHS clusters in Nigeria. Socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics as well as ARI symptoms in the two weeks preceding the survey were collected among other data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression tests. Results: ARIs showed a statistically significant high clusters in some regions. ARIs were more prevalent in younger children and declined as age increased. Infants in rural and poor households were also more likely to experience symptoms of ARIs. Household cooking fuel and smoking habits of parents were positively correlated with symptoms of ARIs.

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