Measuring Spatial Accessibility to Healthcare Service for Elderly Populations in South Korean Cities

Authors: Jeon-Young Kang*, Kongju National University, Sandy Wong, Florida State University, Jinwoo Park, Texas A&M University, Jinhyung Lee, Western University, Jared Aldstadt, State University of New York at Buffalo, Ji Hoon Park, Kongju National University
Topics: Medical and Health Geography, Geographic Information Science and Systems, Geography and Urban Health
Keywords: Aging Population, Spatial Accessibility, floating catchment area method, primary care access
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 5:55 PM
Room: Virtual 8
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

With a rapid growth in the aging population and a corresponding demand on healthcare services in South Korea, older adults may need to improve their accessibility to healthcare resources. Spatial accessibility to healthcare resources is measured based on the available resources (e.g., physicians, beds, services), demands (e.g., population), and travel time. In this study, we employed an Enhanced Two-Step Floating Catchment Area Method (E2SFCAM) to measure the spatial accessibility to primary care for elderly population (aged 65 and older) in major cities in South Korea, including Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon, and Ulsan. We found that people living in Seoul have relatively better accessibility than those living in other cities. Regions with a higher proportion of seniors have lower level of less access to primary cares. The results indicate that more primary care services (perhaps via mobile vans) are needed in such regions to improve health care access.

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