Impacts of Extreme Weather Events on Military Installations in Oklahoma

Authors: Dolly Na-Yemeh*, University of Oklahoma
Topics: Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Human-Environment Geography, Economic Geography
Keywords: Extreme weather events, military installations, Oklahoma, weather impact, cost, evaluation
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/9/2021
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:20 PM
Room: Virtual 7
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Oklahoma is home to five military installations; Altus AFB, Fort Sill, McAlester Army Ammunition Plant, Tinker AFB, and Vance AFB. Not only are the military and defense industry vital to the nation, but they are also significant engines in the state’s economy and drive economic development. In 2010 military installations alone added $9.6 billion to Oklahoma’s economy, representing more than 7% of its GDP.

Oklahoma has had its fair share of disasters, and as such severe storms, tornadoes, hail straight-line winds, and flooding are not unusual to the state. Extreme events, however, tend to be disruptive to the operations of Oklahoma’s military installations. These events can negatively impact the economic potential for these installations, especially when they lead to base closures, delays in training, and deployment during disasters.

The goal of the study is to assess the costs of extreme weather events on the operations of military facilities. Events during the past five years (2015-2019) will be used for the analysis. This analysis explores the impacts of the temporary closure of military facilities on surrounding communities, lost training time, and deployment cost in response to these events. Primarily, the results of the study will help to estimate the value of early forecast and their effects on operations of military installations, especially when it comes to building systems and infrastructure to save cost and to plan for the future.

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