Maritime Domain Awareness Capacity and Comprehensive Engagement Strategy Essential to Governance Outcomes by Developing Coastal Countries of the Caribbean Region

Authors: Thomas D. Morelli*, Consultant
Topics: Coastal and Marine, Regional Geography, Planning Geography
Keywords: National Maritime Jurisdiction, Ocean Surveillance Information System, Coastal and Marine Geography, Regional Development and Planning, Risk Management
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 9:35 AM / 10:50 AM
Room: Virtual 43
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Presentation asserts Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) capacity and comprehensive maritime engagement strategy (CMES) are essential elements of an effective governance system for achieving desired outcomes in the national maritime jurisdiction (NMJ). MDA capacity enables synoptic scale understanding for strategic and operational planning of NMJ governance outcomes. And CMES ensures effective design of the governance implementation processes to control, secure, develop, and manage the NMJ across social, economic, and environmental dimensions; and by guiding alignment of ends, ways, and means for those purposes followed by evaluation of results. Extension of MDA capacity to the operational scale is performative to the detection and monitoring capabilities of technical and human means functioning in continuous surveillance for producing maritime situational awareness (MSA) of phenomena occurring in the NMJ. An ocean surveillance information system (OSIS) organizes that MSA production via multifunctional architecture designed for integrating the outputs of resources for observation, orientation, decision, and action. An essential element of OSIS is a maritime operations center ashore where surveillance outputs are synthesized and interpreted into a common operating picture of the NMJ, and where decision making is synchronized to enable governance administrators and operational commanders with decision advantage for risk management. Presented case examples are the wider Caribbean Region, and the Eastern Caribbean subregion where NMJ spatial dimensions of countries greatly exceed their terrestrial areas. Presentation concludes MDA capacity is: essential to effective governance of the NMJ; feasible and sustainable by developing coastal countries; and a rational approach to overcoming resource limitations.

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