Agricultural Water Policy in the Era of Climate Crisis, and Food Security in Turkey: The case of Konya Closed Basin

Authors: Ceren Yasar*, Middle East Technical University
Topics: Agricultural Geography, Arid Regions, Land Use and Land Cover Change
Keywords: agriculture, climate crisis, water stress, water management, agricultural policy
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 46
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Konya is the city where 10% of Turkey’s agricultural production takes place on 11.2% of country’s agricultural land. 10% of all grains, 35% of all sugar beets and 36% of all wheat in the country are produced yearly in Konya and it is the largest province located on a closed basin with limited groundwater supply. The natural climate is steppe in the closed basin of Konya and historic-cultural form of agriculture is dryland agriculture. The first irrigation plan of the closed basin dates back to 1819, Ottoman Empire era, and since then the agricultural landscape is transforming into irrigated land agriculture. Since the irrigation system is becoming widespread in the region for the last 200 years, the existing water supply is not enough to sustain this massive agricultural water usage and the closed basin has been consuming water from other basins. The climate crisis increasing water stress in this basin and neighbor basins deepens the problem of severely and rapidly decreasing groundwater while irrigation infrastructure projects are conducted without slowing down. What this basin is facing is a water management and agricultural policy problem. The results will not only impact water supply since the province has utmost significance in national agriculture, but also will impact food security in national scale as well.

The methods to present and analyze this water management and agricultural policy problem are spatial statistical analysis for water, land and production in relation with each other and policy analyses for agricultural policy and water management policy.

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