Key competencies in geography textbooks for secondary schools: An analysis from the perspective of learning progression

Authors: Xi Xiang*, East China Normal University
Topics: Geography Education
Keywords: Geographic competency; Secondary school textbook; Learning progression; Cognitive development; Learning activity
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 9:35 AM / 10:50 AM
Room: Virtual 23
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The latest round of curriculum reform in China has proposed the educational goal of developing key competencies in school subjects. How can educators use existing textbooks to guide students’ learning towards achieving this goal? Analysing the texts of the ‘activities’ sections of geography textbooks for lower secondary schools in Shanghai, this study investigated to what extent four key geography competencies are nurtured at the lower secondary stage and in each school term. The results demonstrated that the ‘activities’ sections of these textbooks placed more emphasis on enhancing the regional awareness competency, while the percentages of key competencies exhibited different patterns of learning progression through the course of learning. These findings will inform stakeholders, such as teachers, administrators, and textbook authors ways of promoting key competencies efficiently with reference to subject matter and cognitive development perspectives.

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