Household Headship Structure and the Adoption of Climate Smart Agricultural Practices: Evidence from Nigeria

Authors: Chukwudi Charles Olumba*, Department of Agricultural Economics, Management and Extension, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria, Cynthia Nneka Olumba, Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Newcastle University, United Kingdom
Topics: Gender, Agricultural Geography, Africa
Keywords: Climate Smart Agriculture, Household headship, Gender, Multivariate Probit, Nigeria
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 1:30 PM / 2:45 PM
Room: Virtual 33
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The paper aims to examine the effect of household headship structure on the adoption of
Climate Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices and control for plot-level characteristics along
with other covariates. A nationally representative panel dataset collected at plot-and
household-level across Nigeria was employed. Results of the socio-economic and plot
attributes of the Male-headed households (MHHs) and Female-headed households (FHHs)
show that FHHs were less likely to access extension services, diversify livelihoods and are
deprived in terms of their ownership of household assets. Also, the FHHs operate on poorer
quality and smaller plots compared to their MHHs counterparts, suggesting the existence of
certain socioeconomic inequalities and barriers for FHHs. The result of the multivariate
probit analysis demonstrates that the gender of the household head influences the adoption of
intercropping and animal traction. However, there was no gendered effect on the adoption of
improved seed varieties, organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer. The result suggests that
rectifying the gender biases in access to productive resources could contribute to improved
adoption of CSA. Furthermore, the analysis shows the influence of certain household socio-
economic and plot variables including the household size, plot size, and land tenure on the
adoption of CSA. Moreover, the study result highlights the centrality of context-specificities
in explaining CSA adoption. The study finds that adoption of CSA is influenced by the region
(rural or urban area) and geopolitical zones of the households, suggesting the importance of
tailored actions that are appropriate to the locations of the households for enhancing CSA

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