Which States and Cities Protect Residents from Water Shutoffs in the COVID-19 Pandemic?

Authors: Mildred Warner*, Cornell University, Xue Zhang, Cornell University, Marcela González Rivas, University of Pittsburgh
Topics: Political Geography, United States, Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: water, local government, COVID-19
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 9:35 AM / 10:50 AM
Room: Virtual 11
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Many U.S. states and cities have imposed water disconnection moratoriums during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using logistic and Cox Proportional-Hazards models, we assess factors that differentiate which governments imposed moratoriums. States which have economic regulation of private water utilities were more likely to impose moratoriums, and those with higher COVID-19 case rates imposed moratoriums earlier. States with unified Republican Control and cities with more 2016 Trump voters were less likely to impose moratoriums on water disconnection. Cities in states without statewide moratoriums, were more likely to impose moratoriums if they had higher income, more minority residents, and more income inequality.

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