Green gentrification, green segregation and the right to nature in Brazilian cities

Authors: Wendel Henrique Baumgartner*, Federal University of Bahia
Topics: Urban Geography, Latin America, Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: green gentrification, green segregation, greening projects, real estate market, spatial justice
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/9/2021
Start / End Time: 1:30 PM / 2:45 PM
Room: Virtual 6
Presentation Link: Open in New Window
Presentation File: Download

Green and blue infrastructures, greening plans, and other environmental actions are in the agenda of several urban planning projects, motivated by adaptations due climate change. In order to build a resilient city or a sustainable urban space, these projects, regrettably, can lead to environmental, social and territorial problems in several cities, the green gentrification and green segregation. Natural amenities' performance as a bait to attract higher income inhabitants or, as a green barrier, dividing two economically/socially distinct neighborhoods. Appropriated by the real estate market, and contradicting several aspects of spatial justice, we observe the constitution of an uneven right to nature in the city. In São Paulo (Brazil’s largest city), disputed remaining of central green areas, converted into public parks, are now valorizing residential buildings, increasing rents and prices of new housing projects. As well, other green areas and public parks, in the contact zones of uneven neighborhoods, have been walled and gated in order to ‘protect’ nature. However, the result is the production of green barriers, limiting circulation and increasing segregation. Without a right construction, ensuring the social and spatial justice, with the direct action in rental and land prices control, affordable housing, among others, these renaturing urban projects can, unfortunately and (maybe) unintentionally, accelerate and promote green gentrification and segregation. We are not opposing to greening projects, our goal is just to create a layer of complexity, tackling spatial justice and the universal right to nature in the city.

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