New paleoenvironmental records from the small river valleys in the Middle Volga, Russia in the late Holocene: obtaining high-resolution local data from sedimentary archives

Authors: Mikhail Blinnikov*, St. Cloud State University, Leonid Vyazov , Kazan Federal University, Carlos Cordova , Oklahoma State University, Elena Ponomarenko , University of Ottawa
Topics: Paleoenvironmental Change, Eurasia, Coupled Human and Natural Systems
Keywords: phytoliths, pollen, charcoal, archaeology, Middle Volga
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 5:55 PM
Room: Virtual 16
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Our team conducted investigations of natural-cultural connections of the Imenkovan people of the Middle Volga (ca. 4-7 centuries C.E.) using sedimentary archives (pollen, phytoliths, soil micromorphology and charcoal). One effort concerns precise 3D mapping of a hillfort and its vicinity (ca. 1 km radius) of a well-preserved 5th century C.E. Urnyak settlement and reconstruction of the extent of the agricultural and iron-smelting activity of its residents. Another effort includes a study of an earlier and less prominent settlement in the Kiremet River valley (ca. 4th century C.E. and the likely predecessors) produced by a low-gradient meadow stream and exposed by channel incision, where evidence of five occupations exists in its stratigraphy. The sequences of events interpreted from the sedimentation, soil formation, and evidence of fire reveal complicated relations between climatic changes and different forms of land use change by post-Neolithic peoples.

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