Exploring patterns and trends in the establishment of locally managed marine areas in Fiji

Authors: Arundhati Jagadish*, Conservation International, Morena Mills, Imperial College London, Michael B. Mascia, Conservation International, Alifereti Tawake, LMMA Network International, Hugh Govan, University of South Pacific, Sangeeta Mangubhai, Wildlife Conservation Society, Tanya O'Garra, Middlesex University
Topics: Environmental Science, Pacific Islands, Coastal and Marine
Keywords: Diffusion of innovation, conservation, resource-management, Pacific
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 9:35 AM / 10:50 AM
Room: Virtual 11
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Despite decades of investment in marine resource management projects and programs globally, ‘getting to scale’ remains a major challenge. Occasionally, however, a management practice will scale rapidly, transforming the relationship between people and nature across large areas. In the Pacific, the past 15 years have witnessed an exponential growth of Locally Managed Marine Areas. A locally-managed marine area (LMMA) is an "area of nearshore waters that is actively being managed in a ‘local’ practitioner context by residing or neighboring communities and/or families or being collaboratively managed by both resident communities and local government representatives based in the immediate vicinity of the LMMA (http://lmmanetwork.org/)." Over 500 communities in 15 countries or territories currently manage more than 12,000 sq km of inshore waters (Govan et al, 2009); now spreading rapidly through the Western Indian Ocean. Applying Diffusion of Innovations theory to LMMAs in Fiji as a model system, we propose to identify the factors that shape spatial patterns and temporal trends in the adoption, implementation, and abandonment of community-based resource management initiatives.

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