Lessons from the Corona Crises for SMEs in Germany: Implementation of Effective Operational Pandemia Planning

Authors: Jan Seitz*, University of Applied Sciences Wildau, Frank Gillert, University of Applied Sciences Wildau, Margit Scholl, University of Applied Sciences Wildau, Marcus Frohme, University of Applied Sciences Wildau, Jörg Reiff-Stephan, University of Applied Sciences Wildau, Lars Radke, University of Applied Sciences Wildau, Regina Schuktomow, University of Applied Sciences Wildau
Topics: Political Geography, Economic Geography, Social Geography
Keywords: corporate pandemia planning, critical infrastructure, SME, resilience, security, guidelines
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 9:35 AM / 10:50 AM
Room: Virtual 11
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The maintenance of health and public life in Germany is in the responsibility of the federal states, while regulations can, in some cases, be specified at the municipal level. In order to improve the resilience of companies and their involvement in crisis management, the public sector published the “Handbuch Betriebliche Pandemieplanung” (Guidebook on Corporate Pandemia Planning) in 2012, which is intended to serve for companies as a guideline when drawing up individual pandemia plans. This handbook does not originate from corporate practice but is instead driven by public actors. It therefore needs to be determined to which extent corporate concerns are actually taken into account, especially with regard to addressing operational conditions, making recommendations manageable for companies, concretizing instructions, and considering specific sectors, SMEs, and companies that are regarded as critical infrastructure [in German: “Kritische Infrastrukturen” (KRITIS)]. The methodology was also examined as well as aspects such as organization and process, responsibilities, hygiene concepts, the legal framework, the assumptions used for operational structures and the plausibility of the concepts were evaluated.
The paper presents the first results of these studies and explores recommendations for action. This is accompanied by a discussion of possible improvements of operational pandemia planning through the optimization of processes and structures, as well as the development of guidelines and templates for companies. This paper focuses on the situation in Germany, but may also be of interest for stakeholders in other countries.

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