A Human-Centric GIScience Framework for Time Geography in a Hybrid Physical-Virtual World

Authors: Shih-Lung Shaw*, University of Tennessee
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Transportation Geography, Behavioral Geography
Keywords: time geography, human dynamics, hybrid physical-virtual space, human-centric GIScience
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 9
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Conventional geographic information systems (GIS) and conventional time geography are mainly based on the concept of Newtonian absolute space that assumes an immovable empty space filled with various objects. This absolute space approach is conceptually constrained for human dynamics research due to its confinement to absolute space and physical place. As human activities and interactions are increasingly taking place in a hybrid physical-virtual world that has been accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic, there is an urgent need of developing a human-centric geographic information science (GIScience) framework which goes beyond the concept of absolute space. A Space-Place (Splatial) GIScience framework, which integrates the concepts of absolute space, relative space, relational space, and mental space as well as the concepts of location, locale, place identity, and sense of place, has been proposed to overcome the limitations of conventional GIS (Shaw and Sui, 2020, Annals of the American Association of Geographers, DOI: 10.1080/24694452.2019.1631145). This Splatial GIScience framework also provides a roadmap of extending the conventional time-geographic concepts to better understand human dynamics in a hybrid physical-virtual world. This presentation will use some key time-geographic concepts such as space-time path, space-time prism, constraint, bundle, project, situation, and diorama to illustrate how a human-centric splatial GIScience framework can extend conventional time geography to make time geography more relevant and useful in the modern world.

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