Overtaking the segmentation between risk prevention and crises management in French cities.

Authors: Cassandre Rey-Thibault*, LATTS
Topics: Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
Keywords: Risk management, crisis managment,
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 9:35 AM / 10:50 AM
Room: Virtual 7
Presentation File: Download

In France, the management of urban risks such as flood or industrial accidents has long been a domain of the central state, which defines risky situations, implements prevention measures and organizes emergency services. The risks management is therefore compartmentalized and split between several expertise, for example between the preventionist approach of the Ministry of the Environment and the civil security of the Ministry of the Interior. While many cities have let the expertise to state representatives, some of them have settled specific internal services in order to deepen the local management of risk. Unlike the State, these services try to develop a more integrated approach of risk management and emphasize the complementarity of the different measures dealing with risks by interacting with various states expert.
Based on a set of non-participatory observations within the services, grey literatures, and semi-leading interviews with local managers – states representatives and municipality agents, this paper highlights new practices linking risks and crisis expertise, pointing out the emerging circulation of knowledge between risk-prevention specialists and emergency services. While the need of greater integration of actors within the risk field have been pointed out, there is still few researches that explore how this integration could be achieve. The paper stresses out the constraints of existing tools and instruments which hold out to the structural division between prevention and emergency management logics.

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