Riparian area changes in greenness and water use on the Lower Colorado River in the USA from 2000-2020

Authors: Pamela Nagler*, USGS, Armando Barreto-Muñoz, University of Arizona, Biosystems Engineering, Tucson, AZ, 85721 USA, Sattar Chavoshi Borujeni, Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Centre, AREEO, Isfahan, Iran, Hamideh Nouri, Division of Agronomy, University of Göttingen, Von-Siebold-Strasse 8, 37075, Göttingen, Germany, Christopher J Jarchow, University of Arizona, Biosystems Engineering, Tucson, AZ, 85721 USA, Kamel Didan, University of Arizona, Biosystems Engineering, Tucson, AZ, 85721 USA
Topics: Remote Sensing, Water Resources and Hydrology, Arid Regions
Keywords: Floodplains, riparian zones, composition, hydrological processes, management, dynamic ecosystems
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 5:55 PM
Room: Virtual 3
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

We studied the health and water use of seven riparian reaches of the Lower Colorado River from Hoover to Morelos Dam over 20-years since 2000 to evaluate trends in the riparian ecosystem. This ecosystem has been resilient despite myriad pressures related to drought, water diversions and land use changes, such as defoliation events from the Tamarisk leaf beetle, Diorhabda Spp. We provide remotely sensed measurements of vegetation index (VI), daily evapotranspiration (ET, mmd-1) and annualized ET (mmyr-1). We used 250m Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and 30m Landsat EVI2 time-series. We selected EVI2 to parameterize our ET algorithm and tested the ET relationship between sensors by regression approaches and found a significant correlation between EVI2Landsat and EVI2MODIS. A key finding is that riparian health and its water use between Hoover and Morelos Dams has been in decline since 2000, as measured by Landsat with daily water use dropping from 4.79 mmd-1 to 3.18 mmd-1. Our results show that over the past two decades, the average greenness (EVI2Landsat) loss was 29% and total annual ET loss was 34%, a 1.61 mmd-1 or a 386 mmyr-1 drop from 1163 mmyr-1 down to 777 mmyr-1. Greenness declined on average 29%, but certain reaches declined 42% or ca. 2.28 mmd-1, 575 mmyr-1 (Reach 6). Reach 3 showed an ET loss of 39% (-1.94 mmd-1, -410 mmyr-1). Our findings are significant because riparian plant species have declined so drastically, suggesting further deterioration of biodiversity, wildlife habitat and other key ecosystem services.

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