Disentangling sustainability threats to critical global commons in the time of climate change: Lessons from the Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve

Authors: Dr. Priyanka Ghosh*, Era University, Lucknow, India, Dr. Aditya Ghosh, O.P. Jindal Global University, India
Topics: Cultural and Political Ecology, Human-Environment Geography, Asia
Keywords: climate change, conservation, development, political ecology, tigers, Sundarbans
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 12
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The Sundarbans is a transboundary UNESCO biosphere reserve shared between India and Bangladesh. This paper unpacks the existential threats faced by over 2.5 million people living in and around the Sundarbans region at the intersection of rapidly changing climate, biodiversity conservation, and biosphere reserve governance. With a historical background of conservation and resource management in the Sundarbans, the paper conducts a multilayered inquiry to demonstrate how the impacts of climate change affect local people’s livelihoods as well as the health of the ecosystem further creating anthropogenic pressures on the mangrove forest. Drawing on the political ecology literature, the paper explores how an understanding of the nature of entanglements including socioecological negotiations, environmental shifts induced by climatic changes, and pattern of governance become crucial towards developing successful and dynamic resource management strategies for the region.

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