Research on vitality and influencing factors of coastal fitness space in Qingdao based on type analysis

Authors: Shanshan Wu*, Tianjin University, Ze Li*, Tianjin University, Ning Qiu, Tianjin University
Topics: Recreational and Sport Geography, Coastal and Marine, Geography and Urban Health
Keywords: Coastal city, fitness space, types, vitality, influencing factors
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 1:30 PM / 2:45 PM
Room: Virtual 8
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The construction of healthy cities, as regarded by WHO, is a global action strategy. Recently, the Chinese government issued "Guidelines for Strengthening the Construction of Fitness Facilities for Mass Sports" to better implement the Healthy China initiative. Taking the advantage - the openness, publicity, and identifiability - of the natural resources in coastal cities, the construction of fitness space is vital to enhancing the vitality of healthy city.
As the 2008 Beijing Olympic partner, Qingdao has a high construction and usage of Coastal Fitness Space (CFS). Herein, taking the coast from Tuan-Island to Yaner-Island in Qingdao as an example, we divide CFSs into points, lines, and planes and explore the influencing factors of CFS's vitality. First, use the core density analysis method to illustrate three types of CFS's distribution characteristics. Then, use thermal Map reflected by LBS characterizes the vitality of the CFSs, and use remote sensing ecological index (RSEI) to analyze the influencing factors. Third, After a field investigation and 404 questionnaires, IPA analysis leads to detect the spaces need to improve.
Conclusions include:
① Each type of CFS significantly presents spatial laws. Linear-CFSs have the highest vitality, and planar-CFSs distributing along linear-CFSs have higher vitality than others;
② The vitality of dot-resembling-CFSs is positively related to surrounding population density; that of linear-CFSs and planar-CFSs is positively associated with the distance from the coastline and traffic accessibility.
③The paper proposes a linking strategy of linear-CFSs, and the construction of coordinated multi-level CFS system to facilitate healthy coastal cities.

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