A country comparison of place-based activity response to COVID-19 policies

Authors: Grant McKenzie*, McGill University, Benjamin Adams, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Topics: Spatial Analysis & Modeling, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Medical and Health Geography
Keywords: COVID-19, mobility, policy, community response, activity pattern
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/9/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 11
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The emergence of the novel Coronavirus Disease in late 2019 (COVID-19) and subsequent pandemic led to an substantial disruption in the daily lives of almost everyone on the planet. As many national governments were faced with the consequences of inaction, most responded with policies that limited the activities conducted by their inhabitants. As businesses and schools shuttered, the mobility of these people decreased. This reduction in mobility, and related activities, was recorded through ubiquitous location-enabled personal mobile devices. Patterns emerged that varied by place-based activity. In this work, place-based activity patterns are investigated across nations, specifically by focusing on the relationship between government enacted policies and changes in community activity patterns. By addressing five research questions, I demonstrate that people's activity response to government action varies widely both across nations as well as regionally within them. Three assessment measures, namely cosine similarity, lag response, and subregional variation, are devised and the results correlate with a number of global indices. In my presentation, I will discuss these findings and the relationship between government action and inhabitants' response.

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