Consumptive tourism and environmental justice in sub-Saharan Africa: A review

Authors: Wame Hambira*, University of Botswana, Emmanuel Mogende , Okavango Research Institute, University of Botswana
Topics: Tourism Geography, Environmental Perception, Human-Environment Geography
Keywords: consumptive tourism, environmental justice, sustainability, sub-Saharan Africa
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 20
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The paper examines tourism development in the context of environmental justice in sub-Saharan Africa particularly with respect to consumptive tourism. Wildlife tourism is a major contributor to GDP in most sub-Saharan countries that have comparative advantage in the resource. Through the Community Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM) program, consumptive tourism has contributed to tourism development and lifted tourism dependent communities out of abject poverty. However, consumptive tourism continues to attract highly emotive debates across the globe with some schools of thought labelling it as unethical while some contend that it is a ‘necessary evil’. This paper endeavours to answer the question, what are the perceptions and attitudes surrounding wildlife utilisation for consumptive tourism in sub Saharan Africa? The concept of environmental justice forms the conceptual underpinnings of the examination. The paper concludes that sustainability and justice have interlinkages that cannot be ignored.

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