Authors: Melek Akcadogan*,
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: Worker houses, Lodgment, Cooperatives, Social Housing, the Industrial Revolution.
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Start / End Time: 9:35 AM / 10:50 AM
Room: Virtual 15
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, shelter is one of the essential needs as air, water or food, etc. Humankind always found the ways to build up their own shelter.
Worker houses are permanent housing types that have gained a stable presence in the leading countries of the industrialization process such as England, Germany, Belgium and France. During the 19th century in Europe, the industrial facilities formed
near the uninhabited lands with raw material. It became, thus, important to attract employees to these areas and meet their shelter need. In this sense, the first lodging settlements started to form. Although, nowadays, their share in the total housing supply is very low. Since employers couldn’t solve the housing problem for all workers, governments or labour communities set new housing solutions like cooperatives or social housing.
From this point of view, this article intends firstly to convey how the concept of worker houses came out and then to give a brief information about the current variations of it.