Volcanic risk and vulnerability in Unión Juárez, Chiapas, Mexico: A case study in the Tacaná volcano' surroundings

Authors: Frances Rodriguez Van Gort*, Geography Department, School of Philosophy and Letters, UNAM
Topics: Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
Keywords: Volcanic Risk, Tacaná Volcano, Structural Vulnerability, Risk Perception
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 5:55 PM
Room: Virtual 41
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Unión Juárez is a municipality located in the state of Chiapas, southeastern Mexico. More than 80 percent of its territory is part of the Central American mountain range, and all its towns are located in the Tacaná volcano's surroundings. In this work, I assess the vulnerability posed to Unión Juárez by volcanic risk. The fieldwork for this research was carried out in March 2019. The presentation is divided into two parts. First, I characterize the elements of volcanic risk for this municipality; second, I analyze the local population's vulnerability to volcanic risk. For this research, I conceptualize vulnerability as the population's conditions and capacities to prevent, deal with, and recover from a possible disaster event associated with the Tacaná volcano. I developed an evaluation of structural vulnerability encompassing households' physical structure, population's socio-economic conditions, institutional structures and capacities, and risk perception.

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