A just or unjust distribution? Assessment of accessibility of available medical facilities to social housing residents in Guangzhou and individuals’ satisfaction

Authors: Ruixia Chao*, University of Basel
Topics: Urban Geography, Geographic Theory, Spatial Analysis & Modeling
Keywords: Spatial justice, territorial distribution, accessibility, satisfaction, social housing, Guangzhou
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 8
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Social housing policy gradually becomes one of the main drivers for spatial resource distribution and population flows across the city area during the rapid socio-spatial development of Guangzhou. The intensive launch of social housing has assembled a number of low-income families in the margin of the city while benefiting them with substantial housing goods. Peripheral locations may provide fewer or undeveloped facilities and further result in difficulties when accessing. In terms of the concept of territorial distribution justice developed in spatial justice theory, a just distribution should be fair and equitable allocation of services considering people’s needs. This study aims to examine whether social housing residents have experienced any injustices regarding the obtaining of medical resources or any unjust psychological perceptions. Conceptually guided by principles of proportional allocation and needs, we first examine the available services within certain areas by employing the approach of a two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) enhanced with the gravity model. Then using survey data of satisfaction with facilities obtained from 660 residents in 13 social housing communities in Guangzhou, to reveal whether the accessibility meets people's demands, and thus reach a spatially just distribution or not. Results indicate that residents’ needs depend primarily on the distance to medical facilities, as well as on the quality of services. Residents in remotely located communities in districts Tianhe and Baiyun appear to have certain difficulties in reaching sufficient health care. However, the injustice they are suffering is more likely related to the quality rather than the quality.

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