Global City Cultural Capital and Local Rebuilding: The Regeneration of Singapore Jurong Park from 1968 to 2020

Authors: Bingqian Cheng*,
Topics: Cultural Geography, Geography and Urban Health, Human-Environment Geography
Keywords: City cultural capital, community participation, cultural economy policy, Global City, Jurong Lake Gardens, park renewal
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/11/2021
Start / End Time: 9:35 AM / 10:50 AM
Room: Virtual 35
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

People now pay more and more attention to ecological environment and cultural connotation in city development. Park renewal is becoming an important catalytic agent for city renewal and development. In “Garden City” Singapore, park renewal not only effectively enhances national image and highlights city characteristics but also enhances city vitality and its attraction to talents and capitals. This paper analyzes renewal process of Jurong Park in Singapore and its renewal motivations. All renewals of city parks are guided by corresponding cultural and economic policies: from 1960 to 1970, multicultural theme parks were built to promote racial integration to realize “Instant Asia”. At that time, Jurong Park became a place for people to experience oriental garden arts. From 1980 to 1990, under the guidance of “Gracious Society” policy, park quality was improved and Jurong Park became more and more charming, which attracted more tourists and promoted tourism development. Since 2000, because of “Renaissance City” policy, parks became a major place for displaying local cultures and public arts. Jurong Park was renamed as Jurong Lake Garden and it helped link the construction of a new CBD under the guidance of “biophile”, “living space” and other concepts. The renewal of Jurong Park was driven by cultural and economic policies. In that process, because of influence of functionalism and instrumentalism, city culture was transformed into cultural capitals of cities, which promoted economic development and remodeling of local areas.

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