Revisiting the Kates-Pijawka Model for Disaster Recovery in the Age Resiliency

Authors: Saeideh Sobhaninia*, Clemson University, Stephen Buckman*, Clemson Univeristy, David Pijawka, PhD, Arizona State University
Topics: Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Hazards and Vulnerability
Keywords: Disaster Recovery, Resiliency, Climate Change
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 5:55 PM
Room: Virtual 41
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Over 40 years ago the Kates Pijawka Model for Disaster Recovery was introduced in the book chapter From Rubble to Monument: The Pace of Reconstruction (Kates & Pijawka, 1977). Since its publication in the 1977 the model has been used and cited hundreds of times to explain the process reconstruction post-disaster, such as New Orleans post Katrina (Kates et al., 2006) and New York post Sandy (Jahan, 2015). While this model has been used many times, the question prevails whether in the face of rapid urbanization and climate change over the decades, does the model still hold true or has it reached its shelf life? Furthermore, what can be done to update it for the third decade of 21st century?

Through an in-depth view of the literature and an examination of how model has been used, this paper will look to answer the question of model’s usefulness and it will suggest how changes can be made to it. Upon deciding on those changes, they will be put to the test using the case study of Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico. The aim of the paper will be to create an updated version of the model which can be used by academics and policy makers to assess recovery success and for planners to be better design and implement more resilient urban forms that can adapt future shocks to the systems as well as alter their physical design to be more prepared in a more unstable climatic world.

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