Wealth, Health, and Beyond: Do Rich Neighborhoods Protect Residents from COVID-19?

Authors: Yue Gong*, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Guochang Zhao, Southwest University of Finance and Economics
Topics: Geography and Urban Health, China
Keywords: pandemic; neighborhood; housing price; built environment; migration; governance
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/11/2021
Start / End Time: 6:25 AM / 7:40 AM
Room: Virtual 16
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Since December 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has quickly spread across the world. Similar to previous epidemics, the pandemic easily spread in poor neighborhoods in countries such as the U.S. and Singapore. However, it spread first in rich areas and then quickly in poorer neighborhoods in some European countries. The social-spatial characteristics of COVID-19 infections are still poorly understood, and this paper examines the relation between the characteristics of neighborhoods and the spread of the pandemic. In the paper, Shenzhen, a Chinese megacity with many relatively poor rural migrants, is considered in a case study. Our findings indicate that in the circumstance of China’s strict governance to prevent the pandemic, richer and larger neighborhoods are more likely to be infected and that a property management fee is negatively associated with the risk of infection. This paper enriches the understanding of the role of neighborhoods in the rapid spread of the pandemic, and it has important policy implications regarding the response to the pandemic.

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