Spatializing the resurgence of public housing provision in China: Land-centered politics, cadre review mechanism, and changing geography of residential land supply

Authors: Ronghao Jiang*,
Topics: China, Urban Geography
Keywords: Public housing; Land finance; Land supply structure; Career incentives; Chinese cities
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/9/2021
Start / End Time: 4:50 AM / 6:05 AM
Room: Virtual 16
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Since 2007, China has launched several rounds of national low-income housing campaigns to alleviate the issue of housing affordability and to remedy the state-sociality relations. The exiting literature has shed important light over the interactions among state, society and market in the recent reformation of housing policy at the macro level, however, little is known about the actual practices of the public housing provisions in Chinese cities of different socioeconomic contexts and heterogeneity in municipal responses. Using the panel data across 290 Chinese prefecture cities from 2009 to 2017, this study reveals an uneven geography of public housing land provision significantly shaped by the local government-driven land-based development and the time horizon of the city leaders’ current tenure. The empirical results suggest that the level of public housing provision is not only negatively impacted by the degree of land finance, but also significantly influenced by the industrial-sector-biased land supply strategies. The motivation to promote public housing provision is also found to be weaker for cities in which the length of the city party secretary’s tenure is shorter. However, the degree of public housing land provision is found to be not effectively shaped by the level of social demand for public housing. The conclusion provides useful reference for better promoting the supply of public housing and the implementation of the place-based public housing policies.

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