Decades to deliverance: addressing transportation inequity among carless households

Authors: Matthew Palm*, Worcester State University, Johanna Riddle*, Worcester State University
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Transportation Geography
Keywords: poverty, suburbanization, gentrification, transport equity, transport disadvantage
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:20 PM
Room: Virtual 13
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Poverty in the United States grew rapidly in suburban communities in the decades following the year 2000 (Kneebone, 2017). Households in or near poverty are significantly overrepresented among carless households (BTS, 2017), yet they are increasingly priced out of neighborhoods with rapid public transit across North America (Kramer, 2018). Trends of transportation inequity solidify as other countries such as Canada, precipitate an increased concentration of carless, disadvantaged households in the urban periphery, where transit access may be of lower quality (Allen & Farber, 2020). This paper draws on the 2000 Decennial Census and the 2014-2018 American Community Survey to assess spatial changes in the residential location of carless households across the United States. Trends are examined across three spatial scales: the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), the Census-designated place, and the Census tract. The authors perform a cluster analysis to typify census tracts with respect to built form and transit accessibility, aggregating changes in tract-level estimates of carless households by cluster and metropolitan area. Policy implications are discussed.

Keywords: poverty, suburbanization, gentrification, transport equity, transport disadvantage

References
Allen, J., & Farber, S. (2020). Suburbanization of transport poverty [Preprint]. SocArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/hkpfj

BTS. (2017). Household, Individual, and Vehicle Characteristics. Bureau of Transportation Statistics, United States Department of Transportation. https://www.bts.dot.gov/archive/publications/highlights_of_the_2001_national_household_travel_survey/section_01

Kneebone, E. (2017). The changing geography of US poverty. Brookings Institute. https://www.brookings.edu/testimonies/the-changing-geography-of-us-poverty/

Kramer, A. (2018). The unaffordable city: Housing and transit in North American cities. Cities, 83, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2018.05.013

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