Sino-India Rivalry and India’s Geopolitical Options

Authors: Sanjeev Kumar*, RAIGANJ UNIVERSITY
Topics: Political Geography, Military Geography, Asia
Keywords: Geo-Politics, India, China , Conflict
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 11:10 AM / 12:25 PM
Room: Virtual 28
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


India and China are two giants not only in terms of its demography but that of its geographical size and its economy. Unfortunately, together they also share some two thousand kms. of border, which is yet to be properly defined and accepted by both the parties. When both these nations have nuclear weapons and a history of open conflict then any small border skirmishes always retain the possibility of opening up long drawn war. India which is in a midst of Covid induced economic stagnancy was in a midst of overall economic growth and is in a dire need of a peaceful neighborhood to sustain its growth both in terms of economy and human development. Last time when India was asserting its great power aspirations it was in the immediate aftermath of its Independence in 1947, and that came to a crashing halt in 1962 when the Chinese comprehensively defeated India in the Himalayas. From there it took almost forty years for the Indian elites to find their voice to articulate India's global ambition. Whether India will do better this time or will meet its former fate will largely be decided by the trajectory of the Sino-India conformation that is again playing out on the barren trans-Himalayan plateaus.

This paper using secondary data attempts to trace this rivalry in its historical geo-political context and attempts to predict the possible options that India can exercise in these situations

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