Gender and Time Poverty in Rural Senegal: Effects of Seasonality and Intrahousehold Structure

Authors: Jessica Marter-Kenyon*, University of Georgia, Jacqueline Banks, University of Minnesota, Sarah Lucille Blakely, UCSB
Topics: Gender, Agricultural Geography, Development
Keywords: gender, time poverty, agriculture, Africa, Senegal
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 11:10 AM / 12:25 PM
Room: Virtual 22
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Time poverty is a burgeoning topic of interest within development studies and rural geography. It is, by now, well-understood that rural African women tend to be more time poor than men due to their inequitable double burden of responsibility for productive and reproductive (domestic/care-taking) labor. This study investigates the relationship between gender and time poverty in greater detail, through qualitative fieldwork (interviews, focus groups and direct observation) undertaken with agriculture-dependent households in rural communities of Kaolack, the groundnut basin of Senegal. Men, women and adolescents living in a diverse set of households (polygamous and monogamous, extended and nuclear, etc.) participated in the study. We found that the relationship between gender and time poverty is strongly mediated by intrahousehold structure and composition and, to a lesser extent, by seasonality. The results of this study enrich our understanding of the roots of time poverty for men and women living in similar contexts in sub-Saharan Africa.

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