Distribution of Livestock and Poultry Throughout Appalachian States

Authors: Karen Gruszynski*, Lincoln Memorial University, Kimberly Kertis, Lincoln Memorial University, Andrea Rios Gonzalez, Lincoln Memorial University
Topics: Animal Geographies, Rural Geography
Keywords: agriculture, Appalachia, livestock, poultry
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 4
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The Appalachian Region consists of 420 counties throughout 13 states. It is estimated that 42% of the Appalachian population is rural which is higher than US national average of 20%. Animal production plays an integral part in the local economy in Appalachia. When discussing Appalachia and other rural areas, rurality is usually perceived as a homogenous concept, yet rural America is geographically, demographically and socioeconomically diverse. This project uses USDA NASS 2017 Census of Agriculture data to identify top livestock and poultry commodities throughout the region. The census gathers data directly from producers which are distributed to the public through a series of tables and reports. In addition to the agriculture census data, the American Communities Project county level typology will be used to categorize each county in the Appalachian states. Adding this nuance will not only enable analysis of differences between animal production in Appalachian and Non-Appalachian counties in the 13 states, but provide the opportunity to explore socioeconomic, cultural and other factors that might be driving regional variation within Appalachia. It is hoped this project will highlight geographic variations among the various livestock and poultry commodities throughout the region using geographic information systems (GIS) and be a useful tool for policymakers, workforce assessment planning, and others who may need the data.

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