Changes in the logistics and manufacturing sectors: impacts on urban geography and new perspectives on deindustrialization in the Paris Region

Authors: Adeline Heitz*, CNAM
Topics: Social Geography, Economic Geography, Planning Geography
Keywords: Logistics, Manfacturing, labour, deindustrialization, spatial analysis
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 15
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Logistics has also emerged in recent years as an economic activity offering an alternative to the decline in manufacturing employment by providing low-skilled jobs (Husing, 2004; De Lara, 2013; Heitz and al. 2018). Recent changes in the logistics sector, mainly due to increased volumes of goods, globalization and logistics outsourcing that relies on logistics providers, have all contributed to the creation of many low-skilled jobs in warehouses and the freight transport sector, which tend to be similar to manufacturing jobs (Gaborieau, 2017). This paper investigates the similarities and differences between the two sectors to find out whether the development of logistics can compensate for deindustrialization.
In this paper, we propose to observe the spatial match between the geography of manufacturing and logistics jobs in the Paris region between 1982 and 2019.
The first hypothesis is that the number of jobs in the logistics sector partially compensate for the decreasing number of jobs in the industrial sector. The second hypothesis is that jobs in the logistics sector are not located in the same municipalities as industrial jobs, and therefore there is a gradual decoupling of logistics and industrial geography. The third hypothesis is that this decoupling of the geographies of logistics and manufacturing sectors has consequences on the location of the working class and the mobility of workers, from these classes, who occupy logistics or manufacturing jobs.

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