From Elite Enclaves to Common Compounds: Gated Communities in Miami, Florida

Authors: Anna Lynn Winfrey*, New College of Florida
Topics: Urban Geography, American South, Temporal GIS
Keywords: gated communities, suburbanization, enclaves, Florida, Miami
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/9/2021
Start / End Time: 11:10 AM / 12:25 PM
Room: Virtual 24
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Although segregated enclaves and walled compounds have been a common feature of cities for millenia, gated communities in the United States proliferated in their current form in the 1970s and 80s, particularly in California, Texas and Florida (Blakely & Snyder, 1998; Low, 2001). While most of the first gated communities tended to be aimed at wealthy non-Hispanic white people seeking a heightened sense of security amid heightening crime rates in the urban cores, gated communities have become an ever-more common feature of residential developments, regardless of the socioeconomic status of prospective residents (Pufe, 2009; Vesselinov, 2012). In this paper, I chronicle the transition of gated communities from elite enclaves to common compounds in the context of Miami, Florida by examining three different case studies: Aventura, Doral and Liberty Square.

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