Conservation Networks and the Effectiveness of Payments for Forest Ecosystem Services in Vietnam

Authors: Caleb Gallemore*, Lafayette College, Matthew Hamilton, The Ohio State University, Long Hoàng, Center for International Forestry Research, Thu Thuy Pham, Center for International Forestry Research, Chi Linh, Center for International Forestry Research
Topics: Land Use and Land Cover Change, Spatial Analysis & Modeling, Applied Geography
Keywords: Vietnam, deforestation, networks
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 11:10 AM / 12:25 PM
Room: Virtual 45
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Since 2008, the Government of Vietnam has rolled out a payment for forest ecosystem services (PFES) program across dozens of provinces, with the aim of stemming forest loss and promoting reforestation. This initiative also has interacted with the country's Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) policy efforts. In this paper, we assess how PFES and the interorganizational networks associated with it have affected rates of loss of forest that was standing as of 2000. We use Cox proportional hazard models, forest change data from Global Forest Watch, network data from the Center for International Forestry Research's (CIFOR) Global Comparative Study on REDD (GCS-REDD), and our own original network data collection to model differences in deforestation rates before and after PFES and under different network conditions over time. Our results demonstrate the importance of both formal institutions and informal networks in shaping land-cover change, suggesting that both institutions and network structures should be a consideration in land-use governance.

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