Role of social vulnerability in earthquake outcomes: A case study of 2015 Gorkha earthquake, Nepal

Authors: Sanam Aksha*, University of Central Florida
Topics: Hazards and Vulnerability, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Mountain Environments
Keywords: social vulnerability, disaster, post-disaster recovery, Nepal
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Social vulnerability plays a significant role in differential disaster outcomes and impacts and influences post-disaster recovery processes' pace and progression. In 2015, a 7.6 magnitude earthquake struck the Gorkha district of Nepal that claimed about 9,000 lives, and over five hundred thousand houses were collapsed or severely damaged. Post-earthquake programs were focused on humanitarian assistance and rural housing recovery supported through governmental and non-governmental programs. As most of the damages occurred in the country's remote mountainous regions, the region is characterized by limited access to road networks, a high level of poverty, a marginalized population, and limited institutional and financial capacities. The post-earthquake housing recovery is still ongoing. In this context, the current study explores the relationship between social vulnerability and marginalization indicators with earthquake damages at the household level. Such analysis will help understand the communities' possible recovery outcome and identify communities that may require additional sources for a successful recovery and build resilient communities.

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