The Geography of Rural Markets in Cross River North Senatorial District, Nigeria.

Authors: Christopher Abua Ochiche*, University of Calabar, Nigeria, Simon Kanong-osowo Ajom, University of Calabar, Nigeria, Innocent Ekwok Echigbe, University of Calabar
Topics: Rural Geography, Economic Geography, Development
Keywords: Keywords: Spatio-Temporal Distribution of Markets, Periodic Markets, Rural Economy, Cross River North Senatorial District
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 1:30 PM / 2:45 PM
Room: Virtual 26
Presentation File: Download

The geography of rural markets in modern time has not been adequately harnessed to ensure rural market viability for a robust rural economy especially in developing countries. This study is meant to identify and explain the order in the temporal and spatial distribution of rural periodic markets in Cross North Senatorial District of Nigeria with the motive of identifying which order enhance market viability. Market location data and functions were obtained through physical observation and measurement using GPS, questionnaires and focus group discussion. Market location information were inputted into GIS software applications where maps were produced while the pattern of distribution of rural markets were tested using nearest neighbor statistics and ANOVA. From the result obtained, markets in the region exhibit significant clustering spatially but show tendency toward uniformity in their temporal distribution; the physical spacing of markets whose meetings are separated by different length of time vary significantly hence as the temporal separation of markets increases, distances between rural markets tend to collapse. Inefficient location of some rural markets were identified. Ten market cycles and four classes of rural markets of different functions were found. The study recommends a spatial re-organization of rural markets to enhance their viability.

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