Military Communities and Natural Hazards in the United States

Authors: Logan Lee*, University of South Carolina
Topics: Hazards and Vulnerability, Military Geography
Keywords: hazards, military installations, social vulnerability, community resiliency
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 26
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Military installations and the communities outside their gates are interconnected to each other. Even though they are walled or fenced off, the people, economies, and environments are shared and connected. Across the nation, military communities experience dynamic threats and challenges that they have little control over, such as sudden changes in populations from deployments, environmental pollution, and natural hazards. Natural hazards, although not unique to military communities, may impact them in unique ways due to the dynamic nature of military populations and the underlying social vulnerability and resiliency in the community.

This study explores military communities in the United States through a hazards perspective, and identifies and quantifies hazard losses, social vulnerability, and resiliency in those places. Differences between military communities and non-civilian communities are tested as well as differences between military communities based on the type of military base in the community (Army, Navy, Air Force). Results of this study will help inform the public and the Department of Defense about hazard losses in military communities and could be used in policy decisions related to disaster recovery and mitigation funding, base realignment and closure, and the defense community infrastructure program.

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