Shrinking Cities – a New Topic for Planning Cultures?

Authors: Karina Pallagst*, University of Kaiserslautern, René Fleschurz*, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Urban Geography, Land Use
Keywords: shrinking cities, planning cultures, revitalization, land use policies, comparative studies
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 17
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Various institutional and cultural settings have shaped spatial planning systems with comparable features; however, such systems have been adapted to specific cultural, normative, and spatial conditions. It has become widely acknowledged that many cities in Europe and the US have to deal with challenges posed by long-term demographic and economic changes. This also holds true for Japan. As regards instruments and policies, planning for shrinking cities might not work under the preconditions of urban growth, but requires a slightly different paradigm shift. For international comparative research, it remains to be seen whether this change in planning culture will be a general trend or a notion driven by local and national specifics. The purpose of this presentation is to discuss planning cultures and shrinking cities, the interconnectedness of which has not yet received a substantial amount of attention. The presentation will feature the results of a research project tracing changes, modifications of policies and strategies in shrinking cities. The findings allow us to detect interdependencies between changes in planning cultures and societal changes in the wake of shrinkage, and finally to derive hypotheses for both the future-oriented development of shrinking cities, and the development of planning cultures based on the comparison of cultural settings in the cities Cleveland, Bochum and Nagasaki.

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