Exploring the urban shrinkage phenomenon in Mexico

Authors: Simone Di Pietro*, Technische Universitat Kaiserslautern
Topics: Planning Geography
Keywords: Shrinking Cities, Mexico, Migrations, Territorial Development, Urban Planning
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual 17
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Urban shrinkage is a relatively little studied phenomenon in developing countries. If the peripheral countries of the world economic system are in a disadvantaged position in the sectors of technological know-how and therefore of the innovation that would allow rapid economic growth, then shrinking cities in developing countries can be seen as sensitive territories that would require particular attention and targeted policies to allow the harmonious development of the territory and balance the phenomenon of extreme metropolisation.
The aim of this work is to identify the areas most affected by urban shrinkage in Mexico. The applied methodology is mixed as it includes a quantitative geostatistical analysis based on the demographic variations of residents using as a source datas from national censuses realized between 1990 and 2020, while as a qualitative methodology remote interviews with the main involved actors are realized in order to determine the main causes of urban shrinkage at the local scale.
The main determinants of urban shrinkage are: structural lack of economic possibilities in marginalized territories, migration to the US, end of the extractivist cycles, natural disasters, presence of criminal activities.

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